Anesthesiologists are critical personnel during the performance of any surgery. Anesthesiology comprises a study of all types of anesthetics utilized to keep a patient both comfortable and safe during surgical procedures, the protocols for monitoring all vital signs during surgery, and ensuring that the patient recovers from the anesthetics administered once the surgery is over. You will be able to perform airway evaluations and will understand basic ventilation strategies and fluid management, as well as local and general anesthetic indications and risk factors, based upon patient history. You will also be able to identify and monitor risk factors during intraoperative and postoperative care.

Ear, Nose, and Throat

This clinical will address all current diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, sinuses, larynx, mouth and throat, as well as structures in the head and neck areas related to these functions. Emphasis will be placed on diagnosis and both non-surgical and surgical treatment protocols. By the end of the course you will be able to understand the pathogenesis of otorhinolaryngologic conditions, perform diagnoses, and develop treatment plans; you will also have practical understanding of corrective surgical procedures and post-operative management.

Emergency Medicine

The field of emergency medicine involves treatment for any types of trauma, as well as for chronic and acute conditions that may cause an individual to seek emergency care.  Sub-sections of this clinical will deal with trauma from injury, medical toxicology, acute diseases, and onset of acute conditions related to chronic illness or disease. You will learn how to recognize symptom as common, or urgent, take appropriate patient histories and develop diagnoses for symptom presentations. You will also learn how to interpret the results of a variety of tests, and make decisions relative to the need for consultation or admission.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

This course shall cover medical care to female patients in the following clinical areas: diagnosis and treatment of gynecological disorders and diseases; maternal-fetal medicine and related surgeries, including prenatal and post-natal care; ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancer diagnoses and treatments; menopausal issues and treatments. Specific short units of study shall include natural, drug-assisted and Caesarian deliveries. You will learn procedures for taking accurate and comprehensive patient histories, for determining the appropriate types of laboratory and imaging testing, and for interpreting test results. You will be able to determine treatment protocols for normal and high-risk pregnancies and for fetal testing to determine disorders. You will also learn appropriate diagnostic testing procedures for gynecological cancers as well as treatment protocols.


Coursework and clinicals shall include the following sub-sections: a study of eye examination protocols; the diagnosis of ophthalmologic disorders and diseases and treatments, surgical and non-surgical. Students shall be exposed to sub-specialties in cornea, retina, oculoplastics, glaucoma, neurophthalmology, and pediatric vision disorders. Students will learn how to perform and interpret normal eye examinations and tests for eye disorders and diseases including macular degeneration retinal detachment, cataracts, and glaucoma. Students will also be able to identify vision changes due to neuropathy, hypertension, age and diabetes. Students will determine appropriate treatment protocols for a variety of disorders and diseases.

Orthopaedic Surgery

Course emphasis is placed upon the recognition of common musculoskeletal injury and disease, based upon patient history, examination and imaging. Practice in the development of suitable treatment options and protocols will be included as well. Students will learn how to perform basic osteopathic examinations and to recommend further tests, including X-ray, CT and MRI imaging in order to determine patient need for surgery and develop rehabilitation and therapeutic protocols for post-surgical patients. Students will also learn how to evaluate congenital deformities that could impact intraoperative and postoperative care.

Pharmacology and Therapeutics

This course is designed to provide a fundamental knowledge of the classes of drugs used to treat disorders, infections, and diseases, their indication, their clinical effects, their mechanisms, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, adverse effects, and drug interactions. When you complete the course, you will be able to utilize a medically-sound approach to the development of drug therapies for patients, including selection, dosage, and patient monitoring, as well evaluation of the efficacy of treatment. You will know how to monitor patient responses to pharmacological treatments and to alter treatment protocols accordingly.


This course prepares students in areas of radiography, to include X-rays, CT, and MRI imaging. Sub-sections of coursework relate to chest, abdomen, spine, upper and lower GI series, extremities, biliary and urinary imaging and the appropriate imaging procedures for each, along with skill development in evaluating results of imaging. Students will learn how to interpret radiological findings, perform diagnoses based upon those findings, and make treatment recommendations, including understanding the need for a specialist when appropriate.

Sports Medicine

Sports medicine coursework will include modules in anatomy and physiology, first aid, injury prevention, diagnosis through symptoms and imaging, treatment protocols, surgery and physical therapy. Two smaller sub-sets relate to nutrition and sports psychology. Students who complete this course will have the ability to perform a full physical examination in order to determine fitness for athletic participation; perform diagnostic exams and recommend other diagnostic testing to determine presence of injuries – muscular, skeletal, and neurological; and develop treatment plans for injuries, to include pharmacological, physical therapeutic regimens, and/or surgery.


Students who complete this course and clinicals will be able to understand procedures for diagnosis of the need for surgery and for care of patients who require surgery. Protocols for anesthesiology, operating room environments, and post-operative treatment will be covered. Additional units relate to surgical anatomy and identification of various surgical procedures performed by physicians in medical specialties. Students will be able to take a complete medical history of a surgical patient and provide a full workup prior to surgery; students will learn surgical protocols and procedures for pre-operative, intraoperative, and post-operative patient care, as well as provide recommendations for post-operative procedures.


This course provides a broad immersion into disorders and diseases of the urinary tract. Student will learn diagnostic procedures and treatment protocols that include pharmacology and surgery. They will be able to complete full patient histories, physical examinations, and recommend appropriate diagnostic testing. They will also interpret results of testing to provide a final diagnosis and development of a treatment plan.